题目：Semiconductor-Piezoelectric Quantum-Dot Devices for Quantum Networking
The development of scalable quantum devices that generate and distribute non-classical light over distant parties will bring about a revolution in communication science and technology. Epitaxial quantum dots (QDs) embedded in conventional optoelectronic devices – such as light-emitting diodes – are arguably the most promising quantum devices, since they combine the capability of QDs to generate single and entangled photons on-demand with the tools of the mature semiconductor technology. However, the possibility to use dissimilar QDs for quantum networking is severely hampered by the very same problem plaguing single QDs since their birth: the lack of control over their emission properties, a hurdle arising from the stochastic QD growth processes and intrinsically related to the difficulties of controlling matter at the nanoscale.
In this talk, I will propose a possible solution to this long-standing problem. I will first introduce a novel class of semiconductor-piezoelectric devices [1, 2] in which different external perturbations are combined to reshape the electronic structure of any arbitrary QD [3, 4] so that single and polarization-entangled photons can be generated with unprecedented quality, efficiency, and speed [5, 6]. Then, I will show how full control over the QD in-plane strain tensor allows the energy of the entangled photons emitted by QDs to be precisely controlled [7, 8] in the spectral range in which a cloud of natural atoms behaves as a slow-light medium , and I will demonstrate slow-entangled photons from a single quantum emitter . To conclude, I will discuss how the developed technology can be exploited for the distribution of quantum entanglement among the distant nodes of a quantum network made of electrically-controlled devices interfaced with natural atoms.
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