报告题目：Relaxation of a Moving Spin Qubit
报告人：Xuedong Hu, Department of Physics, University at Buffalo
摘要：Recent experimental and theoretical research on spin qubits in quantum dots have clearly demonstrated that spins have long coherence times and can be reliably controlled. Electron spin two-qubit gates can be performed using the strong exchange interaction between dots, which however is short-ranged. How to achieve long-range quantum communication for spin qubits thus remains a significant open problem in the scale-up of spin qubit architectures. One proposed approach involves the transportation of the electrons themselves, which is attractive because of its conceptual simplicity and its similarity to the conventional charge-coupled devices.Here I discuss our recent work on the physics of electron spin decoherence when the quantum dot is in motion. Specifically, we find that the motion induced spin decoherence is a pure longitudinal relaxation channel, whose rate depends on factors such as spin-orbit coupling strength, electron-phonon coupling strength, disorder in the substrate, the strength of the magnetic field, and the speed of the quantum dot motion [1,2]. In the case of electron-phonon interaction induced spin relaxation, we find a range of interesting phenomena originating from the Doppler effect as we vary the quantum dot speed from the subsonic regime to the supersonic regime, including frequency shift in emitted phonons, spin relaxation boom in analogy to sonic boom, and Cherenkov radiation of phonons .Our results are not only important in identifying how severe a problem spin decoherence could be when it is in motion, but also reveal interesting possibilities in coherent control of phonons in a semiconductor nanostructure.